"COMMON EUROPEAN FRAMEWORK OF REFERENCE FOR LANGUAGES"
This system is used in order to keep students on a goal-oriented track while learning a foreign language. It helps break down each level (Beginner, Intermediate, & Expert) into more specific terms so that students are aware of what each class will cover and how they will progress towards fluency as they learn.
The framework is broken down into levels as follows:
BASIC USER - A1 & A2
A1 (Breakthrough or Beginner)- The student is new to the foreign language with no experience in the language and will be introduced to cultural elements and basic grammar and everyday expressions.
A2 (Waystage or Elementary)- The student knows the basic level of the foreign language and is learning more specific grammar and cultural elements. Students become confident in stating basic needs and wants in preparation for the Intermediate Level B1.
INDEPENDENT USER - B1 & B2
B1 (Threshold or Intermediate)- The student incorporates more oral and written communication skills emphasized on everyday topics. Students focus on language as used in their everyday tasks and behaviors.
B2 (Vantage or Upper Intermediate)- The student deepens his or her knowledge of grammar in conjunction with oral and written skills through sociocultural theories. Students become more confident in conversation for preparation to Advanced Level, C1.
PROFICIENT USER - C1 & C2
C1 (Effective Operational Proficiency or Advanced)- The student is able to understand a wide variety of short and long texts and understand implicit meanings (jokes, puns, etc). They can use language flexibly and effectively for all sorts of purposes and in all environments. The language is clear, structured, and detailed with control of simple and complex grammar as well as control of the language phonological system.
C2 (Mastery or Proficiency)- The student can understand everything read or heard. They can understand, summarize, and rearrange arguments in a coherent presentation. The student can express him or herself fluently, precisely, and naturally in all and in most complex situations expressing sometimes shades of meaning.
To learn more you can visit the Council of Europe website.